Reflexiones en torno a la diplomacia científica: estado del debate, experiencia internacional y perspectivas para Colombia

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Autores

Gonzalo Ordonez-Matamoros
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8297-6554 María Paula Roa González
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8727-1852 Juan Pablo Centeno Cachopo
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8068-4267

Resumen

Si bien la relación entre ciencia y diplomacia es de vieja data, los esfuerzos por conceptualizarla a partir del siglo xxi dieron origen a la diplomacia científica, una noción impulsada de manera entusiasta por emprendedores de política, en particular en la Unión Europea. Sin embargo, la discusión en español sobre este concepto emergente es aun escasa y poco critica, por lo que en este artículo de reflexión se exploran las bases del concepto de diplomacia científica con el propósito de clarificar sus alcances. Repasamos las principales definiciones de la diplomacia científica y mapeamos el avance en la producción de conocimiento sobre la misma. Encontramos que se trata de un campo emergente, con arraigo disciplinar en la tradición de las relaciones internacionales y de base empírica multisectorial, preocupada esencialmente por retos ambientales desde el Norte Global. Asimismo, examinamos algunas experiencias internacionales que ilustran las posibles perspectivas y condiciones de viabilidad de la diplomacia científica en Colombia. El articulo concluye con algunas reflexiones críticas sobre el concepto.

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