Data created by the internet of things: the new gold without ownership?

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Autores

Thomas J. Farkas

Resumen

Data has become an asset with a big financial impact. With the extensive use of the Internet which “never forgets”, society has become more transparent than ever. Society also creates more data than ever. The increase of data creation is further catalysed by new technologies and connected devices; it is often referred to as the “internet of things” or “IoT-devices”. But who owns the date created by these new devices? This article aims to give a brief overview of possible rules governing data ownership. Also, it stresses the question whether or not the current legal framework sufficiently protects said data or if a new law should be implemented. 

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Creative Commons License
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Los autores conservan los derechos de autor y garantizan a la revista el derecho de ser la primera publicación del trabajo. Se utiliza una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-CompartirIgual.

Referencias

Literature

Drexl, J.; R. Hilty et al. "Data Ownership and Access to Data", Position Statement of the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition of 16 August 2016 on the Current European Debate available on: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2833165.

Duffy and Hopkins. "Sit, Stay, Drive: The future of Autonomous Car Liability", 16 SMUSci. & Tech. Law Rev. 101 (Winter 2013), available on: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2379697.

Heyman. "Der Schutz von Daten bei der Cloud-Verarbeitung", CR Computer und Recht, 2015 807, 810.

Kerber, W., in GRUR Int. Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht - Internationaler Teil 2016, 639 et seq.

Koch and Farkas. "The disclosure-fair trial dilemma when enforcing trade secrets in civil court proceedings", JIPLP, (2016) 11 (12).

Wiebe, A., in GRUR Int. Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht - Internationaler Teil 2016, 877, 880.

Zech, H. "Information und Schutzgegenstand", Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck, 2012, p. 46 et seq.

Cases

Court of 9 November 2004, ecli:eu:c:2004:695, para 31. - British Horseracing Board Ltd.

German Federal Constitutional Court BVerfG, judgment of 15 December 1983, Az. 1 BvR 209, 269, 362, 420, 440, 484/83.

Statutes

Council Regulation (EC) n.° 6/2002 of 12 December 2001 on Community designs.

Directive 96/9/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 1996 on the legal protection of databases.

Directive EU 2016/943 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 8 June 2016 on the protection of undisclosed know-how and business information (trade secrets) against their unlawful acquisition, use and disclosure.

German Copyright Act.

German Federal Data Protection Act.

Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on Copyright in the Digital Single Market (see the homepage of the EU, https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/modernisation-eu-copyright-rules).

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