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National governments are keenly aware of the need for investment in space. Canada, as a formal cooperating state in the European Space Agency (ESA), and Germany, as a leading member state of ESA, are interlinked in Europe’s space endeavours. Beyond ESA, Germany and Canada additionally have a strong history of bilateral cooperation on a range of space projects. This paper discusses the novel interdependencies between clear national and now supranational space policies, using the examples of the Canada-European Union (EU) Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA). The agreement covers most aspects of the EU-Canada bilateral economic relationship and includes space. The paper focuses on international space policies, strategic bilateral co-operation, and technical accomplishments. It takes a closer look at German-Canadian collaboration in space programs and offers some reflection on the effect of both the EU and ESA’S transatlantic involvement in space.
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CCMEO - Canada Centre for Mapping and Earth Observation
CETA - Canada-European Union (EU)
Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement
CSA - Canadian Space Agency
CSP - Canadian Space Program
DLR - German Aerospace Center
EASA - European Aviation Safety Agency
EEA - European Economic Area
ESA - European Space Agency
ESP - European Space Policy
EU - European Union
FTA - Free Trade Agreement
IAC - International Astronautical Conference
IRB - Industrial and Regional Benefits
ISDS - Investor-State-Dispute Settlement Clauses
ITAR - International Traffic in Arms Regulations
NAFTA - North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NGO - Non Governmental Organization
OST - Outer Space Treaty
UAV - Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
UNOOSA - United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs
TBT - Technical Barriers to Trade
TEFU - Treaty on the functioning of the European Union
TTIP - EU-US Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership
WTO - World Trade Organization