China en América Latina: una invitada inconveniente

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Diego J. Cardona T.


La creciente presencia de China en América Latina ha alimentado un debate acerca de las posibles consecuencias que puede tener para la hegemonía estadounidense en el hemisferio. Aunque China no parece estar lista para com­petir por la hegemonía en la región, sus accio­nes están afectando el balance de poder. Desde una postura neo-realista, este ensayo revisa los vínculos comerciales y militares entre Beijín y América Latina, con el objetivo de respon­der la pregunta: ¿está China quebrantando la hegemonía de EE.UU. en la región? El docu­mento demuestra que China ha emergido en los últimos años como una fuente alterna de financiamiento para proyectos de desarrollo e infraestructura y esto ha fortalecido la imagen de Beijín como modelo a seguir en el ámbito internacional, minando, al mismo tiempo, el ejercicio de poder estadounidense. Los vín­culos militares con los países de la región han ayudado a Beijín a fortalecer su posición global en términos de distribución de poder, pero no se han enfocado en debilitar la hegemonía estadounidense en el corto plazo.

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