Paradiplomacia en tiempos de desastre en el Caribe: Un análisis de las islas no-soberanas

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Mayra Vélez Serrano
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2339-1182

Resumen

En el Caribe coexisten múltiples configuraciones políticas de territorios no-soberanos ligados a las metrópolis de Francia, Estados Unidos, Países Bajos y el Reino Unido. En el 2017, varios de estos territorios fueron devastados por los huracanes María e Irma. Estos eventos pusieron a prueba sus relaciones con las metrópolis y mostraron que la paradiplomacia tiene un rol fundamental en responder a desastres naturales. Mediante el empleo de la técnica del incidente crítico, esta investigación analiza documentos primarios publicados meses posteriores a los huracanes para analizar la variación en el empleo de la paradiplomacia. Muestra que mientras los territorios americanos no utilizaron redes paradiplomáticas, los territorios británicos, como las Islas Vírgenes, agenciaron una mayor participación internacional. Esto les permitióasegurar fondos y ayuda técnica de distintas organizaciones regionales e internacionales. Estas diferencias entre las experiencias paradiplomáticas, requieren una mayor teorización, en la cual se analice el impacto de las estructuras versus la agencia de los líderes de cada territorio como posible explicación. Este trabajo descubre entonces la necesidad de un análisis histórico-institucional de la evolución de la paradiplomacia caribeña y la paradiplomacia en general.

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