Power games and their history in the Indian Ocean: A Mauritian perspective

Power games and their history in the Indian Ocean: A Mauritian perspective

Contenido principal del artículo


Este artículo discute la situación de Mauricio en la configuración geopolítica poscolonial del océano Índico. Este Estado insular fue primero una colonia británica y obtuvo su independencia en 1968. En esa época, el archipiélago de Chagos, que hacía parte del territorio de la isla, fue extirpado de Mauricio. Después de la independencia, Mauricio se enfrentó continuamente a la Guerra Fría entre Occidente y la antigua Unión Soviética, al tiempo que pedía la descolonización del archipiélago sobre el cual Mauricio afirma tener soberanía. En el contexto actual, existe una nueva configuración geopolítica que ha visto el surgimiento de países en desarrollo como China e India como nuevas naciones emergentes que buscan ejercer influencia tanto militar como económica en la región. En lo que concierne a China, hay un gran avance con el desarrollo del Cinturón Marítimo de la Seda, mientras India persigue el sueño de mantener el poder en un océano que lleva su nombre. Desde la perspectiva mauriciana, aún queda el objetivo de terminar con la descolonización de Chagos, mientras se enfrenta a la influencia de las nuevas potencias que dominan el contexto geopolítico actual. También existe el problema para Mauricio de mantener lazos políticos con potencias emergentes como China e India, al tiempo que mantiene sus relaciones históricas con Occidente. El nuevo paradigma, en consecuencia, establece un argumento complejo en la nueva configuración geopolítica.

Palabras clave:


Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.

Detalles del artículo

Referencias (VER)

Baruah, D. (2021). What’s happening in the Indian Ocean? Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

Bashfield, S. (2021). Agalega: A Glimpse of India’s Remote Island Military Base. The Interpreter.

Battersby, J. (1987). Port Louis Journal; Apartheid country befriends Indian Ocean island. The New York Times.

Beaujard, P. (2015). East Africa and ocean trade networks between the 1st and 15th centuries, Afriques. Open Edition Journals. https://doi.org/10.4000/africas.3097

Bhat, T., Guha, A. and Paul, M. (2006). India and China in WTO: Building Complementarities and Competitiveness in the External Trade Sector, Planning Commission, Government of India.

Bowcott, D. (2019). UN tribunal rejects UK claim to sovereignty over Chagos Islands. The Guardian.

Brewster, D. (2015). The Coming Nuclearization of the Indian Ocean. The Interpreter.

Chandran, S. (2014). Narendra Modi and Xi Jinping: Strong Leaders. Hard Issues. Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies.

Chateau, P. (2014). Recognizing the Contribution of Arab Sailors in the Indian Ocean. Histoires Mauriciennes.

Chaudhury, D. (2022). China Seeks to Dominate Africa Unlike India’s Partnership Based on Equality. New Book, The Economic Times, India.

Chaudhury, D. (2022). India launches a slew of infra and development projects in Mauritius. The Economic Times, India.

Clearias Team (2022). Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), https://www.clearias.com/non-aligned-movement/

Conde, F. (1991) US B-52 bombers bound for Iraq using US-Spanish base. AP News.com

Convention on Biological Diversity (2015). Ecologically or Biologically Significant Areas (EBSA) Saya de Malha Bank. https://chm.cbd.int.

Cormack, L. (1997). Charting an Empire. University of Chicago Press.

Cultural Survival (2021). The Chagossians - The original inhabitants of Diego Garcia face a US government in court. https://www.cultural survival.org.

DTOS (2019). Signature of the China-Mauritius Free Trade Agreement: Enhanced business opportunities. https://www.dtos-mu

Demetriadi, A. (2017). Lost in Exile: The Forgotten Chagos Islanders. New Industrialist.

Economic Development Board (2020). Mauritius-China Free Trade Agreement will enter in force as from January 2021, www.edbmauritius.

Florek, S. (2020). The Middle Kingdom. https://australianmuseum.

Franda, M. (1982). The Seychelles, Unquite Islands. Westview Press and Hampshire Gower.

Friedman, N. (2018). Strategic Submarines and Strategic Stability: Looking to the 2030s. National Security College, Australian National University.

Global Security (2020). French Colonial Era, 1894-1960. https://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/africa/ma-history-2.htm

Hanauer, L. and Morris, L. (2014). China in Africa, the implications of deepening relations. https://www.rand.org.

Hannah, H. (2019). The Great Game Moves to Sea: Tripolar Competition in the Indian Ocean Region. https://warontherocks.com.

Harper Douglas (2022). Etymology of the Indian Ocean: Meaning of the name Indian Ocean. www.HarperDouglas.com

Herzinger, B. (2021). The Power of Example: The American Presence in Diego Garcia. The Interpreter.

Indian Ocean (2022). Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary. Merriam-Webster. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/Indian%20Ocean.

Indian Ocean, com (2020). History of the Seychelles. https://www.indian-ocean.com/the-history-ofthe-seychelles.

International Maritime Bureau (2022). Indian Ocean Power Play. Center for International Maritime Security.

Jaishankar, D. (2016). Indian Ocean Region: A Pivot for India’s Growth. https://www.brookings.edu.

JFK Library (2022). The Cold War. https://www.jfklibrary.org/learn/about-jfk/jfk-in-history/the-coldwar.

Koontz. L. (2021). Diego Garcia: A Small Island of Great Military Value. https://coffeeordie.com/diegogarcia-military-island.

Lucock, T. (2016). The Belt & Road Initiative: A Modern Silk Road. Norton Rose Fulbright.

Majumdar, R. C., Chaudhuri, J. N., and Chaudhuri, S. (Eds.) (1984). The Mughal Empire. The History and Culture of the Indian People (no. 7). Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan.

Marcus, R. (2004). Political change in Madagascar: Populist democracy or neopatrionalism by another name. Paper 89. Institute for Security Studies.

McDevitt, M. (2018). Great Power Competition in the Indian Ocean: The Past as Prologue? CAN analysis and solutions.

Mills, C. and Butchard, P. (2021). British Indian Ocean Territory Disputes. Library of the House of Commons.

Mishra, A. quoted in Al Jazeera (2022). Mauritius denies allowing India to establish military base on Agalega Island. https://scroll.in.

Mulayim, R. (2017). French influence in Africa (colonial period). https://behorizon.org/french-influencein-africa-colonial-period.

National Archives (2020). Living in the British Empire: Africa. https://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/education/empire.

NDTV (2022). India Extends $527 Million Financial Assistance To Mauritius, www.ndtv.com

O’Neill, A. (2021). Twenty most populous countries. https://www.statista.com/

Official Journal (2004). Council Decision of 30 March 2004. https://eur-lex.europa.eu/

Phillips, T. (2016). The Cultural Revolution: Everything you need to know about China’s political convulsion. The Guardian.

Pokraka, A. (2019). History of Conflicts in India and Pakistan. https://armscontrolcenter.org.

Potgieter, T. (2012). Maritime Security in the Indian Ocean: Strategic Framework and Characteristics. Institute for Security Studies, Paper 236.

Radio France International (2020). Map of the Indian Ocean. www.rfi.fr

Roque, A. (2017). The Coast of Sofala (Mozambique) in the 16th Century: Between African Trade Routes and Indian Ocean Trade. Open Edition Journals.

Rucai, L. (2017). China and Mauritius: An Enduring Friendship. China Today.

Szczepanski, K. (2019). Indian Ocean Trade Routes. Thoughtco.

Venkatasweran, L. (2020). Vital Sea Lanes of Communications as China’s Primary Interest: Inferences for India’s National Security. Observer Research Foundation.

Virahsawmy, D. (2019). India and Modi: The monster we love. L’Express.

Zwicewicz, J. (2019). Russia in Africa: Manipulation and Expansion of Influence. Canadian Air Force College.

Citado por