Reflexiones sobre la política exterior de Taiwán: entre espacios reales e imaginados

The Relationship between Real and Imagined Spaces: Reflections on Taiwan’s Foreign Policy

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Este artículo analiza la relación entre el contexto geográfico como un espacio físico y la narrativa histórica como un espacio imaginado en la conformación de la identidad nacional taiwanesa. Basado en la propuesta teórica del constructivismo, que enfatiza la importancia de la identidad en la conformación de los intereses de los Estados, se propone que las condiciones geográficas e históricas de Taiwán han desarrollado una identidad nacional distinta y diferenciada de la identidad china. Para ello, se asume una visión que sugiere que el contexto geográfico no solo genera condiciones materiales, sino también posibilita una serie de interacciones sociales que convierten al territorio también en un espacio “imaginado”, el cual es el resultado de narrativas históricas. Así, los elementos que conforman la identidad taiwanesa inciden en la política exterior de este Estado, particularmente en el caso de la búsqueda el reconocimiento internacional. Como conclusión, se destaca la manera en que el caso de Taiwán evidencia la forma como la identidad influye en la política exterior.

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