Análisis experimental de la corrupción y de las medidas anticorrupción. ¿Dónde estamos, hacia dónde vamos?

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Autores

Frédéric Boehm
Carolina Isaza E
Martha Liliana Villalba Díaz

Resumen

Este artículo presenta una discusión de la literatura interdisciplinar reciente sobre el estudio empírico y experimental de la corrupción. El análisis empírico de la corrupción se ve dificultado por su naturaleza ilícita. En las dos últimas décadas, han prevalecido estudios econométricos basados en datos de percepción de corrupción. Si bien estos han avanzado nuestro entendimiento del fenómeno, cada vez más se notan los límites de esta metodología al establecer causalidades y explorar los fundamentos de la toma de decisión corrupta o ética de los individuos. Recientemente, las literaturas económica, política, psicológica y organizacional han aplicado el método experimental para entender mejor el comportamiento corrupto y probar medidas anticorrupción. La revisión presenta y discute los principales aportes de esta literatura y así brinda un punto de partida para seguir investigando las preguntas abiertas.

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