Frank Knight, Max Weber, la economía de Chicago y el institucionalismo

Main Article Content

Autores

Ross Emmett

Resumen

Este ensayo muestra la influencia de Max Weber en el interés de Frank Knight por combinar la teoría económica y la historia económica comparada. En el periodo de entreguerras –cuando la enseñanza de la economía tenía un carácter pluralista– Knight se opuso al institucionalismo y defendió el estatus científico de la teoría neoclásica, pero sus lecturas de Weber Knight lo llevaron a considerar que el  equilibrio y la competencia perfecta eran “tipos ideales”, construcciones útiles para la teorización pero que nunca se observan en la realidad. Ayudan a identificar los elementos centrales, pero el estudio de cómo cambian no es objeto de la teoría. Se debe recurrir entonces a la historia, en la que los cambios no se asemejan a equilibrios. En la posguerra apareció un nuevo estándar científico, que redefinió la disciplina y relegó la obra de Knight al ámbito no científico de la “filosofía social”.

Palabras clave:

JEL:

A12, B13, B2, D41, D5, N01

Article Details

Licencia

Creative Commons License
Esta obra está bajo licencia internacional Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 4.0.

Referencias

Boyd, R. (1996). Knight and Weber. E-mail al autor, 11 de septiembre.
Boyd, R. (1997). Frank H. Knight, Talcott Parsons, and Max Weber. Manuscrito sin publicar.
Brouwer, M.T. (2002). Weber, Schumpeter and Knight on entrepreneurship and economic development. En J. S. Metcalfe y U. Cantner (eds.), Change, transformation and development (pp. 145-168). Heidelberg: Physica Verlag.
Camic, C. (1991). Introduction: Talcott Parsons before The structure of social action. En C. Camic (ed.), Talcott Parsons: The early essays, (pp. ix-lxix). Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press.
Collins, R. (1980). Weber’s last theory of capitalism: A systematization. American Sociological Review, 45(6), 925-942.
Ebner, A. (2005). Knight and Weber. E-mail al autor, 25 de abril.
Emmett, R. B. (1997). “What is truth” in capital theory? Five stories relevant to the evaluation of Frank Knight’s contribution to the capital controversy. History of Political Economy, 29(sup. 1), 231-252.
Emmett, R. B. (1999a). Frank Hyneman Knight Papers 1910-1972: Finding guide. En W. Samuels (ed.), Research in the history of economic thought and methodology, Archival Supplement v. 9 (pp. 101-273). Bingley, UK: Emerald Publishing.
Emmett, R. B. (1999b). The economist and the entrepreneur: Modernist impulses in Frank H. Knight’s Risk, uncertainty and profit. History of Political Economy, 31(1), 29-52. Reimpreso en Emmett, R. B. (2009, 48-62).
Emmett, R. B. (2009). Frank Knight and the Chicago School in American economics. Londres y Nueva York: Routledge.
Hodgson, G. (2001). Frank Knight as Institutionalist economist. En J. E. Biddle, J. B. Davis y S. G. Medema (eds.), Economics broadly considered: Essays in honor of Warren J. Samuels (pp. 61-90). Londres: Routledge.
Gonce, R. A. (1996). F. H. Knight on social philosophy and economic theory: The beginnings. En W. Samuels y J. Biddle (eds.), Research in the history of economic thought and methodology, v. 14 (pp. 1-22). Bingley, UK: Emerald Publishing.
Kloppenberg, J. T. (1986). Uncertain victory: Social democracy and progressivism in European and American thought, 1870-1920. Nueva York: Oxford University Press.
Knight, F. (1921). Risk, uncertainty and profit. Boston y Nueva York: Houghton Mifflin.
Knight, F. (1924). The limitations of scientific method in economics. En R. G. Tugwell (ed.), The trend of economics (pp. 229-267). Nueva York: Knopf.
Knight, F. (1925). Carta a J. Viner, 9 de septiembre, Jacob Viner Papers, Public Policy Papers, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton University Library.
Knight, F. (1927). Translator’s Introduction. En M. Weber, General Economic History. Nueva York: Greenberg.
Knight, F. (1928). Historical and theoretical issues in the problem of modern capitalism. Journal of Economic and Business History, 1, 119-136.
Knight, F. (1930). Statik und Dynamik: zur Frage der Mechanischen Analogie in den Wirtschaftswissenschaften, A. Mahr, trad. Zeitschrift für Nationalökonomie, 2(1),-1-26. Reimpreso como Statics and dynamics en F. Knight. (1997). The ethics of competition (pp. 153-177). Londres-Nueva York: Routledge, y en R. B. Emmett (ed.). (1999). Selected essays by Frank H. Knight, v. 1 (pp. 149-71). Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press.
Knight, F. (1933). The economic organization, Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Reimpreso en The economic organization: With an article, “Notes on cost and utility” (1951). Nueva York: A. M. Kelley.
Knight, F. (1935). Economic theory and nationalism. En The ethics of competition. Nueva York: Harper.
Knight, F. (1936a). Carta a T. Parsons, 1 de mayo. Talcott Parsons Papers, Harvard University Archives, HUG(FP) 42.8.2, Box 2, Pusey Library.
Knight, F. (1936b). Carta a Abram L. Harris, 27 de mayo de 1936, Frank H. Knight Papers, Box 60, Folder 6, Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library.
Knight, F. (1940a). “What is truth” in economics? Journal of Political Economy, 48(1), 1-32. Reimpreso en On the History and Method of Economics (1956). Chicago, Ill: University of Chicago Press, y en R. B. Emmett (ed.). (1999), Selected essays by Frank H Knight, v. 1 (pp. 372-399). Chicago, Ill: University of Chicago Press.
Knight, F. (1940b). Socialism: The nature of the problem. Ethics, 50, 253-289. Reimpreso en Freedom and reform: Essays in economics and social philosophy (1947). Nueva York: Harper, y en R. B. Emmett (ed.). (1999). Selected essays by Frank H. Knight, v. 2 (pp. 77-106). Chicago, Ill: University of Chicago Press.
Knight, F. (1941). Anthropology and economics. Journal of Political Economy, 49, 247-268. Reimpreso en R. B. Emmett (ed.). (1999) Selected essays by Frank H. Knight, v. 2 (pp. 107-125). Chicago, Ill: University of Chicago Press.
Knight, F. (1944). Realism and relevance in the theory of demand. Journal of Political Economy, 52(4). 289-318. Reimpreso en R. B. Emmett (ed.). (1999). Selected essays by Frank H. Knight, v. 2 (pp. 243-283). Chicago, Ill: University of Chicago Press.
Knight, F. (1946). The sickness of liberal society. Ethics, 56(2), 79-95. Reimpreso en F. Knight, (1992). Freedom and reform: Essays in economics and social philosophy [1947] (pp. 440-478). Indianapolis: Liberty Press.
Knight, F. (1947). Freedom and reform: Essays in economics and social philosophy. Nueva York: Harper.
Knight, F. (1951). Economics and ethics of the wage problem. En D. M. Wright (ed.) The impact of the union. Nueva York: Harcourt Brace, y en R. B. Emmett (ed.). (1999). Selected essays by Frank H. Knight, v. 2 (pp. 336-360), Chicago, Ill: University of Chicago Press.
Knight, F. (1960). Intelligence and democratic action. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.
Knight, F. (1962). Philosophy and social institutions in the West. En C. A. Moore (ed.). Philosophy and culture: East and West. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawaii Press. Reimpreso en R. B. Emmett (ed.). (1999). Selected essays by Frank H. Knight, v. 2 (pp. 149-171). Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press.
Knight, F. (1991). The case for Communism: From the standpoint of an ex-Liberal [1933]. En W. J. Samuels (ed.). Research in the history of economic thought and methodology, archival supplement 2 (pp. 57-108). Bingley, UK: Emerald Publishing.
Knight, F. y Merriam, T. (1945). The economic order and religion, Nueva York: Harper.
May, H. F. (1949). Protestant churches and industrial America. Nueva York: Harper.
Morgan, M. S. y Rutherford, M. (1998). From interwar pluralism to postwar Neoclassicism, Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Neill, R. (1972). A new theory of value: The Canadian economics of H. A. Innis. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Nopenney, C. (1997). Frank Knight and the Historical School. En P. Koslowski (ed.). Methodology of the social sciences, ethics and economics in the Newer Historical School: From Max Weber and Rickert to Sombart and Rothacker. Berlín: Springer.
Parsons, T. (1927). Carta a P. H. Douglas, 13 de noviembre. Talcott Parsons Papers, Harvard University Archives, HUG (FP) 42.8.2, Pusey Library.
Parsons, T. (1947). The theory of social and economic organization. Nueva York: Oxford University Press.
Rodgers, D. T. (1982). In search of progressivism. Reviews in American History, 10(4), 113-131.
Rutherford, M. (1997). American Institutionalism and the history of economics. Journal of the History of Economic Thought, 19(2), 178-195.
Shils, E. (1981). Some academics, mainly in Chicago. American Scholar 50(2), 179-196.
Schweitzer, A. (1975). Frank Knight’s social economics. History of Political Economy, 7(3), 279-292.
Stigler, G. (1987). Frank Hyneman Knight. En J. Eatwell, M. Milgate y P. Newman (eds.). The new Palgrave: A dictionary of economics, v. 3 (pp. 55-59). Nueva York: Stockton Press.
Tugwell, R. G. (ed.). (1924). The trend of economics. Nueva York: A. A. Knopf.
UCRC. (1952). Minutes of the Faculty Seminar on The Role of Ideologies in Economic Development, University of Chicago Research Center in Economic Development and Cultural Change, 11 de marzo, Frank H. Knight Papers, Box 24 Folder 24, Special Collections Research Collection, University of Chicago Library.
Yonay, Y. P. (1998). The struggle over the soul of economics: Institutionalist and Neoclassical economists in America between the wars. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Young, A. A. (1927). Carta a F. H. Knight, 25 de febrero. Frank H. Knight Papers, Box 62, Folder 24, Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library.
Yu, T. F-L. (2002). The economics of Frank H. Knight: An Austrian interpretation. Forum for Social Economics, 31, 1-23.


 

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.