La ortodoxia económica desalienta el estudio del comportamiento colectivo

Hendrik van den Berg

Resumen


El pensamiento económico se centró en el comportamiento individual como base de toda actividad económica. Algunos economistas heterodoxos muestran la importancia del comportamiento del grupo y la influencia de las organizaciones en la actividad económica, pero el paradigma neoclásico es la corriente dominante. Este artículo presenta una “sociología de la economía” para explicar por qué la cultura imperante impide ver y estudiar el comportamiento de grupo. Recurriendo a la obra de Pierre Bourdieu, examina el habitus, el sistema de creencias y la violencia simbólica contra quienes los cuestionan. Y resalta el apoyo de los intereses comerciales y financieros a esta cultura dominante.


Palabras clave


cultura; economía neoclásica; ortodoxia; pluralismo; sociología

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.18601/01245996.v17n32.01

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Publicado: 2015-06-26 14:48:45

Copyright (c) 2015 Hendrik van den Berg

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Última actualización: Mayo 2017