Pluralismo constitucional y espacios transnacionales: ¿el fin de la constitución nacional o su nuevo comienzo?

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Autores

Cecilia Caballero Lois Luiz Magno Magno Pinto Bastos Júnior

Resumen

El modelo clásico de organización política atraviesa un proceso de crisis profunda. Inexorablemente, las “fronteras” políticas, económicas, jurídicas, sociales y culturales de los Estados se tornan cada vez más porosas (para no decir sin sentido). Esta situación hace que las diferenciaciones entre derecho y política modernamente operadas por la constitución se diluyan, hasta el punto de que los elementos conceptuales clásicamente formulados por la teoría constitucional se muestran ahora incapaces de resolver los problemas relativos a la normativa social y las pretensiones de ordenación social. Este artículo pretende discutir en qué medida es posible mantener las funciones tradicionales asignadas a la constitución en vista de la ampliación de las áreas de regulación transnacional. Trata, en otras palabras, de entender las consecuencias y las posibilidades de (re)organización del proceso de ordenación que afectan al diseño estructural de la soberanía constitucional en su forma más fundamental, es decir, en su capacidad soberana para decidir en un determinado territorio. Se hace énfasis en la dimensión institucional de estas transformaciones, con vistas a formular, al final de este artículo, las bases para la identificación de un modelo de pluralismo constitucional apoyado sobre las máximas de pluralidad, ordenación heterárquica y conflictividad.

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