Teorías del valor: coincidencias y divergencias en la economía y la antropología social

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Autores

Juan José García del Hoyo
Celeste Jiménez de Madariaga

Resumen

Este artículo revisa la concepción del valor en economía y antropología. Muestra que entre estas disciplinas ha habido un distanciamiento debido a diferencias metodológicas y al tema de estudio, sobre todo cuando los hechos económicos se estudian desde el punto de vista puramente individual y se omite el marco cultural e institucional. En los últimos años ha habido una reconciliación a través del pensamiento institucionalista, que se nutre de otras ciencias sociales, da mayor realismo a los modelos económicos y hace posible interpretar mejor la complejidad del mundo económico.

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Referencias

Appadurai, A. The social life of things: Commodities in cultural perspective, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1986.

Ayres, C. E. The theory of economic progress, Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press, 1944.

Bardhan, P., ed. Conversations between economists and anthropologists:Methodological issues in measuring economic change in rural India, Nueva Delhi, Oxford University Press, 1989.

Bardhan, P. e I. Ray. “Methodological approaches in economics and anthropology”, J. Davis y W. Dofsma, eds., The Elgar Companion to Social Economics, Cheltenham, Elgar Publishing, 2008, pp. 427-456.

Blaug, M. The methodology of economics [1980], Nueva York, Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Böhm-Bawerk, E. von. Capital and interest, 3 vols. [1921], South Holland, Libertarian Press, 1959.

Booyens, J. “Economics and Anthropology: in search of partnerships”,South African Journal of Economics, 66, 4, 1998, pp. 585-596.

Bourdieu, P. La distinction. Critique social du jugement, París, Editions de Minuit, 1979.

Buckley, P. J. y M. Chapman. “Economics and social anthropology – Reconciling difference”, Human Relations 49, 9, 1996, pp. 1123-1150.

Cantillon, R. Ensayo sobre la naturaleza del comercio en general [1755],México, D. F., Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1950.

Castaingts, J. Simbolismos del dinero. Antropología y economía: una encrucijada, Barcelona-Iztapalapa, Anthropos, 2002.

Cohen, P. S. “Análisis económico y hombre económico. Comentarios sobre una controversia”, R. Firth, ed., Temas de antropología económica,México, D. F., Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1974, pp. 95-121.

Dalton, G. “Economic theory and primitive society”, American Anthropologist 63, 1, 1961, pp. 1-25.

Dalton, G. “Is economics anthropology of interest to economists?”, American Economics Review 68, 2, 1978, pp. 23-27.

Devons, E. y M. Gluckman. “Conclusion: Modes and consequences of limiting a field of study”, M. Gluckman, ed., Closed systems and open minds: The limits of naivety in social anthropology, Edimburgo, Oliver & Boyd, 1964, pp. 158-261.

Díaz de R., A. “Valer y valor. Una exhumación de la teoría del valor para reflexionar sobre la desigualdad y la diferencia en relación con la escuela”, Revista de Antropología Social 16, 2007, pp. 117-158.

Dobb, M. Political economy and capitalism: Some essays in economic tradition, Londres, Routledge, 1937.

Douglas, M. “The exclusion of economics”, Times Literary Suppl., 6 de julio de 1973, pp. 781-782.

Dumont, L. “On value”, Proceedings of the British Academy 66, 1982,pp. 207-241.

Edgeworth, F. Y. Mathematical psychics. An essay on the application of mathematics to moral sciences, Londres, Kegan Paul & Co., 1881.

Ensminger, J. “Experimental economics: A powerful new method for theory testing in anthropology”, J. Ensminger, ed., Theory in economic anthropology, Walnut Creek, Altamira Press, 2002, pp. 59-78.

Etzioni, A. The moral dimension. Toward a new economics, Nueva York,The Free Press, 1988.

Firth, R. Primitive economics of the New Zealand Maoris, Londres, Routledge, 1929

Foster, R. J. “The uses of use value: Marketing, value creation, and the exigencies of consumption work”, D. Zwick y J. Cayla, eds., Inside marketing: Practices, ideologies, devices, Oxford, Oxford Scholarship, 2011, pp. 42-57.

Garnett, R. F. “Postmodernism and theories of value: New grounds for Institutionalist/Marxist dialogue?”, Journal of Economic Issues 33, 4, 1999, pp. 817-834.

Genovesi, A. Lecciones de comercio o bien de economía civil [1769], t.III, Madrid, Viuda de Ibarra, 1786.

Girard, R. La violence et le sacré, París, Grasset, Pluriel, 1972.

Godelier, M. Instituciones económicas, Barcelona, Anagrama, 1981.

Graeber, D. Toward an anthropological theory of value, Nueva York, Palgrave, 2001.

Graeber, D. “Value: Anthropological theories of value”, J. G. Carrier, ed., A Handbook of Economic Anthropology, Northampton, Elgar Publishing,2006, pp. 439-454.

Gregory, C. A. Savage money: The anthropology and politics of commodity exchange, Amsterdam, Harwood Academic Publishers, 1997.

Haddad, L.; J. Hoddinott y H. Alderman. Intra-household resource allocation in developing countries. Models, methods, and policy, Baltimore,Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997.

Hamilton, D. “The great wheel of wealth. A reflection of social reciprocity”, Journal of Economics and Sociology 24, julio de 1965, pp. 241-248.

Hamilton, D. “The meaning of anthropology for economic science: A case for intellectual reciprocity”, Journal of Economic Issues 25, 4, 1991, pp. 937-949.

Harriss, J. “The case for cross-disciplinary approaches in international development”, World Development 30, 3, 2002, pp. 487-496.

Henrich, J. et al. Foundations of human sociality: Economic experiments and ethnographic evidence from fifteen small-scale societies, Nueva York,Oxford University Press, 2004.

Herskovits, M. J. Economic anthropology. A study in comparative economics,Nueva York, Alfred A. Knopf, 1952.

Hicks, J. R. Value and capital. An inquiry into some fundamental principles of economic theory, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1939.

Hicks, J. R. y R. G. Allen. “A reconsideration of the theory of value, Part I”, Economica 1, 1, 1934, pp. 52-76.

Jevons, W. S. The theory of political economy, Londres, McMillan, 1871.

Keynes, J. M. Teoría general del empleo, el interés y el dinero [1936],Madrid, Ediciones Aosta, 1998.

Kluckhohn, C. “Values and value-orientations in the theory of action.An exploration in definition and classification”, T. Parsons y E. Shils, eds., Toward a general theory of action, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1951, pp. 388-433.

Knight, F. H. “Anthropology and economics”, Journal of Political Economy 49, 1941, pp. 247-268.

Kurz, H. D. y N. Mondadori, “Sraffa and the labour theory of value: A few observations”, J. Vint, J. S. Metcalfe et al., eds., Economic theory and economic thought: Essays in honour of Ian Steedman, Abigdon,Routledge, 2010, pp. 189-215.

Lancaster, K. J. “A new approach to consumer theory”, Journal of Political Economy LXXIV, 2, 1966, pp. 132-157.

Lipton, M. “Economics and anthropology: Grounding models in relationships”, World Development 20, 10, 1992, pp. 1541-1546.

Locke, J. Segundo tratado sobre el gobierno civil [1689], Madrid, Alianza Editorial, 2000.

Malinowski, B. Argonauts of the Western Pacific, Londres, Routledge,1922.

Malthus, T. R. Principios de economía política [1820], México, D. F., Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1946.

Marshall, A. Principles of economics, Londres, Macmillan, 1890.

Marx, K. El capital [1867], vol. I, Barcelona, Orbis, 1988.

Menger, C. Grundsätze der Volkswirtschaftslehre, Viena, Wilhelm Braumüller, 1871.

Mill, J. S. “On the definition of political economy and the method of investigation proper to it”, J. M. Robson, ed., Collected works of John Stuart Mill [1836], vol. 4, Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 1987.

Mill, J. S. Principios de economía política [1848], México, D. F., Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1951.

Mises, L. von. La acción humana. Tratado de economía [1949], Madrid,Unión editorial, 1980.

Mishan, E. J. “Theories of consumer’s behaviour: A cynical view”, Economica 28, 109, 1961, pp. 1-11.

Morris, C. Varieties of human value, Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1956.

North, D. Institutions, institutional change and economic performance,Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Pareto, W. Manual de economía política [1906], Madrid, Atalaya, 1945.

Pearson, H. “Homo economicus goes native, 1859-1945: The rise and fall of primitive economics”, History of Political Economy 32, 4, 2000,pp. 933-989.

Pearson, H. “Primitive economics: A reply”, History of Political Economy 34, 1, 2002, pp. 273-281.

Perry C. M. “Value as any object of any interest”, International Journal of Ethics 40, 4, 1930, pp. 490-495.

Perry, R. B. General theory of value. Its meaning and basic principles construed in terms of interest [1926], Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 1950.

Pieters, R. y H. Baumgartner. “Who talks to whom? Intra- and interdisciplinary communication of economics journal”, Journals of Economics Literature 40, 2, 2002, pp. 483-509.

Pryor, F. L. The origins of the economy: A comparative study of distribution in primitive and peasant economies, Nueva York, Academic Press, 1977.

Rao, V. y M. Walton. Culture and public action, Stanford, Ca., Stanford University Press, 2004.

Ricardo, D. Principios de economía política y tributación [1821], México,D. F., Fondo de Cultura Económica, 2004.

Samuelson, P. A. “A note on the pure theory of consumer’s behaviour”,Economica 5 17, 1938, pp. 61-71.

Say, J. B. Tratado de economía política [1803], México, D. F., Fondo de Cultura Económica, 2000.

Sen, A. “Sraffa, Wittgenstein, and Gramsci”, Journal of Economic Literature 41, 4, 2003, pp. 1240-1255.

Smith, A. Investigación de la naturaleza y causa de la riqueza de las naciones [1776], Valladolid, Oficina Viuda e hijos de Santander, 1794.

Thomas, N. Entangled objects: Exchange material culture, and colonialism in the Pacific, Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 1991.

Tool, M. R. “A social value theory in neoinstitutional economics”, Journal of Economic Issues 11, 4, 1977, pp. 823-844.

Veblen, T. “The limitations of marginal utility”, Journal of Political Economy 17, 9, 1909, pp. 620-636.

Veblen, T. The theory of leisure class: An economic study of institutions [1899], Macmillan, Nueva York, 1915.

Verri, P. Tratado elemental de la economía política [1771], Madrid, Imprenta de Espinosa, 1820.

Walras, L. Elements of pure economics or the theory of social wealth [1874], Fairfield, Augustus Kelley Publishers, 1977.

White, H. “Combining quantitative and qualitative approaches in poverty analysis”, World Development 30, 3, 2002, pp. 511-522.
Bardhan, P., ed. Conversations between economists and anthropologists:Methodological issues in measuring economic change in rural India, Nueva Delhi, Oxford University Press, 1989.

Bardhan, P. e I. Ray. “Methodological approaches in economics and anthropology”, J. Davis y W. Dofsma, eds., The Elgar Companion to Social Economics, Cheltenham, Elgar Publishing, 2008, pp. 427-456.

Blaug, M. The methodology of economics [1980], Nueva York, Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Böhm-Bawerk, E. von. Capital and interest, 3 vols. [1921], South Holland, Libertarian Press, 1959.

Booyens, J. “Economics and Anthropology: in search of partnerships”,South African Journal of Economics, 66, 4, 1998, pp. 585-596.

Bourdieu, P. La distinction. Critique social du jugement, París, Editions de Minuit, 1979.

Buckley, P. J. y M. Chapman. “Economics and social anthropology – Reconciling difference”, Human Relations 49, 9, 1996, pp. 1123-1150.

Cantillon, R. Ensayo sobre la naturaleza del comercio en general [1755],México, D. F., Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1950.

Castaingts, J. Simbolismos del dinero. Antropología y economía: una encrucijada, Barcelona-Iztapalapa, Anthropos, 2002.

Cohen, P. S. “Análisis económico y hombre económico. Comentarios sobre una controversia”, R. Firth, ed., Temas de antropología económica,México, D. F., Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1974, pp. 95-121.

Dalton, G. “Economic theory and primitive society”, American Anthropologist 63, 1, 1961, pp. 1-25.

Dalton, G. “Is economics anthropology of interest to economists?”, American Economics Review 68, 2, 1978, pp. 23-27.

Devons, E. y M. Gluckman. “Conclusion: Modes and consequences of limiting a field of study”, M. Gluckman, ed., Closed systems and open minds: The limits of naivety in social anthropology, Edimburgo, Oliver & Boyd, 1964, pp. 158-261.

Díaz de R., A. “Valer y valor. Una exhumación de la teoría del valor para reflexionar sobre la desigualdad y la diferencia en relación con la escuela”, Revista de Antropología Social 16, 2007, pp. 117-158.

Dobb, M. Political economy and capitalism: Some essays in economic tradition, Londres, Routledge, 1937.

Douglas, M. “The exclusion of economics”, Times Literary Suppl., 6 de julio de 1973, pp. 781-782.

Dumont, L. “On value”, Proceedings of the British Academy 66, 1982,pp. 207-241.

Edgeworth, F. Y. Mathematical psychics. An essay on the application of mathematics to moral sciences, Londres, Kegan Paul & Co., 1881.

Ensminger, J. “Experimental economics: A powerful new method for theory testing in anthropology”, J. Ensminger, ed., Theory in economic anthropology, Walnut Creek, Altamira Press, 2002, pp. 59-78.

Etzioni, A. The moral dimension. Toward a new economics, Nueva York,The Free Press, 1988.

Firth, R. Primitive economics of the New Zealand Maoris, Londres, Routledge, 1929

Foster, R. J. “The uses of use value: Marketing, value creation, and the exigencies of consumption work”, D. Zwick y J. Cayla, eds., Inside marketing: Practices, ideologies, devices, Oxford, Oxford Scholarship, 2011, pp. 42-57.

Garnett, R. F. “Postmodernism and theories of value: New grounds for Institutionalist/Marxist dialogue?”, Journal of Economic Issues 33, 4, 1999, pp. 817-834.

Genovesi, A. Lecciones de comercio o bien de economía civil [1769], t.III, Madrid, Viuda de Ibarra, 1786.

Girard, R. La violence et le sacré, París, Grasset, Pluriel, 1972.

Godelier, M. Instituciones económicas, Barcelona, Anagrama, 1981.

Graeber, D. Toward an anthropological theory of value, Nueva York, Palgrave, 2001.

Graeber, D. “Value: Anthropological theories of value”, J. G. Carrier, ed., A Handbook of Economic Anthropology, Northampton, Elgar Publishing,2006, pp. 439-454.

Gregory, C. A. Savage money: The anthropology and politics of commodity exchange, Amsterdam, Harwood Academic Publishers, 1997.

Haddad, L.; J. Hoddinott y H. Alderman. Intra-household resource allocation in developing countries. Models, methods, and policy, Baltimore,Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997.

Hamilton, D. “The great wheel of wealth. A reflection of social reciprocity”, Journal of Economics and Sociology 24, julio de 1965, pp. 241-248.

Hamilton, D. “The meaning of anthropology for economic science: A case for intellectual reciprocity”, Journal of Economic Issues 25, 4, 1991, pp. 937-949.

Harriss, J. “The case for cross-disciplinary approaches in international development”, World Development 30, 3, 2002, pp. 487-496.

Henrich, J. et al. Foundations of human sociality: Economic experiments and ethnographic evidence from fifteen small-scale societies, Nueva York,Oxford University Press, 2004.

Herskovits, M. J. Economic anthropology. A study in comparative economics,Nueva York, Alfred A. Knopf, 1952.

Hicks, J. R. Value and capital. An inquiry into some fundamental principles of economic theory, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1939.

Hicks, J. R. y R. G. Allen. “A reconsideration of the theory of value, Part I”, Economica 1, 1, 1934, pp. 52-76.

Jevons, W. S. The theory of political economy, Londres, McMillan, 1871.

Keynes, J. M. Teoría general del empleo, el interés y el dinero [1936],Madrid, Ediciones Aosta, 1998.

Kluckhohn, C. “Values and value-orientations in the theory of action.An exploration in definition and classification”, T. Parsons y E. Shils, eds., Toward a general theory of action, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1951, pp. 388-433.

Knight, F. H. “Anthropology and economics”, Journal of Political Economy 49, 1941, pp. 247-268.

Kurz, H. D. y N. Mondadori, “Sraffa and the labour theory of value: A few observations”, J. Vint, J. S. Metcalfe et al., eds., Economic theory and economic thought: Essays in honour of Ian Steedman, Abigdon,Routledge, 2010, pp. 189-215.

Lancaster, K. J. “A new approach to consumer theory”, Journal of Political Economy LXXIV, 2, 1966, pp. 132-157.

Lipton, M. “Economics and anthropology: Grounding models in relationships”, World Development 20, 10, 1992, pp. 1541-1546.

Locke, J. Segundo tratado sobre el gobierno civil [1689], Madrid, Alianza Editorial, 2000.

Malinowski, B. Argonauts of the Western Pacific, Londres, Routledge,1922.

Malthus, T. R. Principios de economía política [1820], México, D. F., Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1946.

Marshall, A. Principles of economics, Londres, Macmillan, 1890.

Marx, K. El capital [1867], vol. I, Barcelona, Orbis, 1988.

Menger, C. Grundsätze der Volkswirtschaftslehre, Viena, Wilhelm Braumüller, 1871.

Mill, J. S. “On the definition of political economy and the method of investigation proper to it”, J. M. Robson, ed., Collected works of John Stuart Mill [1836], vol. 4, Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 1987.

Mill, J. S. Principios de economía política [1848], México, D. F., Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1951.

Mises, L. von. La acción humana. Tratado de economía [1949], Madrid,Unión editorial, 1980.

Mishan, E. J. “Theories of consumer’s behaviour: A cynical view”, Economica 28, 109, 1961, pp. 1-11.

Morris, C. Varieties of human value, Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1956.

North, D. Institutions, institutional change and economic performance,Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Pareto, W. Manual de economía política [1906], Madrid, Atalaya, 1945.

Pearson, H. “Homo economicus goes native, 1859-1945: The rise and fall of primitive economics”, History of Political Economy 32, 4, 2000,pp. 933-989.

Pearson, H. “Primitive economics: A reply”, History of Political Economy 34, 1, 2002, pp. 273-281.

Perry C. M. “Value as any object of any interest”, International Journal of Ethics 40, 4, 1930, pp. 490-495.

Perry, R. B. General theory of value. Its meaning and basic principles construed in terms of interest [1926], Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 1950.

Pieters, R. y H. Baumgartner. “Who talks to whom? Intra- and interdisciplinary communication of economics journal”, Journals of Economics Literature 40, 2, 2002, pp. 483-509.

Pryor, F. L. The origins of the economy: A comparative study of distribution in primitive and peasant economies, Nueva York, Academic Press, 1977.

Rao, V. y M. Walton. Culture and public action, Stanford, Ca., Stanford University Press, 2004.

Ricardo, D. Principios de economía política y tributación [1821], México,D. F., Fondo de Cultura Económica, 2004.

Samuelson, P. A. “A note on the pure theory of consumer’s behaviour”,Economica 5 17, 1938, pp. 61-71.

Say, J. B. Tratado de economía política [1803], México, D. F., Fondo de Cultura Económica, 2000.

Sen, A. “Sraffa, Wittgenstein, and Gramsci”, Journal of Economic Literature 41, 4, 2003, pp. 1240-1255.

Smith, A. Investigación de la naturaleza y causa de la riqueza de las naciones [1776], Valladolid, Oficina Viuda e hijos de Santander, 1794.

Thomas, N. Entangled objects: Exchange material culture, and colonialism in the Pacific, Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 1991.

Tool, M. R. “A social value theory in neoinstitutional economics”, Journal of Economic Issues 11, 4, 1977, pp. 823-844.

Veblen, T. “The limitations of marginal utility”, Journal of Political Economy 17, 9, 1909, pp. 620-636.

Veblen, T. The theory of leisure class: An economic study of institutions [1899], Macmillan, Nueva York, 1915.

Verri, P. Tratado elemental de la economía política [1771], Madrid, Imprenta de Espinosa, 1820.

Walras, L. Elements of pure economics or the theory of social wealth [1874], Fairfield, Augustus Kelley Publishers, 1977.

White, H. “Combining quantitative and qualitative approaches in poverty analysis”, World Development 30, 3, 2002, pp. 511-522.

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