¿Qué es la economía? Una disciplina política para el mundo real

What is economics? A policy discipline for the real world

Contenido principal del artículo

James K. Galbraith


La economía es una disciplina política que trata los problemas de la organización social y del bien general, coevoluciona con las circunstancias y es históricamente contingente. El mundo al que se dirigen las políticas económicas es un sistema complejo, pero los economistas que buscan elaborar políticas apropiadas se guían necesariamente por simplificaciones y heurísticas. La pregunta que enfrenta la disciplina es qué tipo de simplificación se adapta mejor a la tarea. Este artículo argumenta que las generalizaciones, simplificaciones, heurísticas y principios apropiados se deben derivar del estudio del mundo real. Aunque pueden emplear herramientas matemáticas y aprovechar ideas del comportamiento de los sistemas matemáticos, estos son inadecuados, en especial cuando parten de los dogmas muertos de la corriente neoclásica: ex nihilo nihil fit.

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