La revolución de los nuevos clásicos: redes, influencia y metodología

Boris Salazar, Daniel Otero

Resumen


La revolución de los nuevos clásicos ha sido contada como un rápido y fulminante asalto al paradigma keynesiano, que logró la unanimidad inmediata por la fuerza irresistible de su método científico. Después de estudiar la red de citaciones de los siete artículos de política macroeconómica elegidos por Lucas y Sargent, más Lucas (1976) y Lucas y Sargent (1978), encontramos que las líneas de fractura –asociadas al keynesianismo y a la división Noreste-Medio Oeste de los departamentos de Economía– se mantuvieron entre 1976 y 2013. Los que citaban a Lucas casi nunca citaban a Fischer (1977) y viceversa. La red siempre estuvo dividida en dos, tres y más componentes, que ocupaban fracciones cambiantes de la estructura total, reflejando influencias, patrones de citación y generaciones divergentes. La revolución ocurrió en Chicago, Minnesota y Carnegie-Mellon, y se extendió a otros países a través de discípulos, sin lograr nunca un dominio total.


Palabras clave


Nueva Economía Clásica; revolución; Lucas; redes de citación; influencia intelectual

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.18601/01245996.v17n32.02

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Publicado: 2015-06-26 14:55:24

Copyright (c) 2015 Boris Salazar, Daniel Otero

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Última actualización: Mayo 2017