Turismo y enfermedades contagiosas e infecciosas, una revisión bibliométrica

Tourism and contagious and infectious diseases, a bibliometric review

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Jesús Alexis Barón Chivara
Sandra Patricia Cote Daza
Julia Rodas Quintero
Elías Rodríguez Ruge
Diego Alexander Obando Parra


La pandemia del COVID-19 ha generado diferentes impactos en el mundo, y las medidas de confinamiento implementadas han hecho del turismo uno de los últimos sectores en reactivarse, lo cual ha afectado de forma directa a los países que dependen de él en su economía. Ante este contexto, se analizan las medidas que se han utilizado en situaciones similares y las investigaciones que se han desarrollado al respecto. Para abordar de forma rigurosa la revisión, se efectuó un análisis bibliométrico de las investigaciones relacionadas con el turismo y las enfermedades infecciosas y contagiosas, para lo cual se utilizaron diferentes bases de datos académicas, como Scopus, Web of Science y Science Direct. Los resultados evidencian que, en los años en los que se presentaron crisis por alguna enfermedad, el número de publicaciones aumentó, por ejemplo, en el año 2020, con el COVID-19. El VIH-SIDA es una de las enfermedades con mayor relación con el turismo, lo mismo pasa con la malaria y el SARS.

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